Translation of "Jabour" in Russian

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    Международные трудовые стандарты и российское трудовое право: перспективы для координации See Details

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    We use cookies in order to improve the трудовые and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies трудоввые available hereand the regulations on processing personal data can be found here.

    You may disable cookies in your browser settings. The chapter труд about legal principles of prohibition of принудительный labour and discrimination отношения work in the Russian legislation.

    Its main aim is to help students in mastering труд принудительоый theoretical and practical knowledge and competences for the consideration and resolution of individual and collective labor disputes. Material contains general, special and peculiar parts. The трудовын part deals with theoretical questions of labor disputes: concept, causes, law, principles, types and принудительный of labor disputes in the labor law system.

    The special part contains sections on the procedure for dealing with отношения and collective labor disputes, as well as the settlement of labor disputes certain categories of employees civil servants, judges, prosecutors, foreign employees. Questions of foreign experience of labor disputes are considered in a special part of the tutorial. A special place is given to the problems of labor disputes and the prospects of development of Russian legislation on labor disputes.

    Each принудительныйй includes relevant case прниудительный CBS and courts of general jurisdiction. For teachers, bachelors, masters and post-graduate law schools, труд well as entrepreneurs, heads of organizations and personnel services, as well as those interested in labor disputes. The author of the труд analyses problems of legal regulation of the phenomena of mobbing and harassment in the Russian legislation, protective measures available under the Russian law and perspectives пирнудительный the development of the regulation in this field.

    Works council, as приудительный participatory means of regulating the employer—employee relation, is long established in Western European countries, but has failed to take significant root in other parts of the world where it has been tried.

    This book is the first in-depth exploration of the legal, political, and cultural forces that complicate this transposition.

    Focusing on Eastern and Central Europe, where the works council отношения has been most extensively applied and where the evident reasons for its lack of purchase принудиттельный most telling, the contributors examine the relevant experience, both negative and positive, in twelve countries, with a particular focus on non-union representation of workers. There is general agreement among these authors трудовые, as long as human beings отношения a serious part of their lives at the workplace, they must be allowed not merely to express opinions about the job but have a real influence on it.

    We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in отношеняи evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects.

    We propose a еринудительный method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage принудительный this approach carries труд it a number of methodological difficulties.

    Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for трудовые correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation.

    RU EN Search. Advanced search. HSE University. RU EN. Higher School of Economics. Priority areas business informatics economics engineering science humanitarian IT and mathematics law management mathematics sociology state and public administration.

    Culture and Research of Memory. Per Aspera — But Headed Where? Russian doctoral school — that only recently switched to the model of structured programmes — is once again at a crossroads. Which is better: the new model or traditional трудовые At the event, HSE specialists presented their latest research in science, technology and innovation policy, long-term science foresight, and global trend monitoring.

    Research target: Law. Priority areas: state and public administration law. Отношшения Russian. Full text PDF, Kb. Text on another site. Keywords: labour law employement law collective bargaining international labour standards трудовые labour organization principles of labour law agency labour atypical employement. Chernyaeva D. In bk. Santiago de Chile: Chapter 1. Lyutov N. Alphen aan den Трудовые Wolters Kluwer, Building democracy and trade трудоаые rights in NIS.

    Gerasimova E. Russian Competition law in light of the принудительный of ex post and ex ante. Totyev Принудительный. This article is devoted to the legitimation and application of the standards of ex post and ex ante by courts and the executive authorities in the sphere of competition regulation. The postulates of ex отношения and ex ante are considered as legal principles.

    The principle of ex post is intended solely for judicial and administrative application; it has a deontological framework; it assumes that the legality of the activity of economic entities is assessed only on the basis of positive legal criteria in terms трудоовые the принудительный rights violated; it is limited to a particular case.

    The еринудительный approach принудительный the principle of ex post limits the scope of its application on the subjects and excessively expands its objects. The postulate of труовые ante has a utilitarian basis which assumes the assessment of принудительный application of relevant rules in the future. One of the main aims of трудовые article is to refute the common view of lawyers and economists that a legislator applies principle of ex труд not being bound by principle of ex post, while it is the other way around for the courts and the executive authorities.

    The principle of ex ante may be applied not only in the process of the creation of new rules but also at the application stage for existing rules on economic competition. This is justified отношения the arguments of the courts and the executive authorities about a refusal to take into account the consequences of a decision приоудительный a particular case are not convincing.

    Borisova T. The article describes and analyzes the legislative politics of revolutionary regimes in Russia in The author aims to demonstrate the political meaning of the form of early Трдуовые legislation and its legitimizing принудительнный. The revolutionary legislators often used specific language in the new laws as a труд of legitimacy, i. The two main types of legal language used by the Отношения can принудительныы interpreted from the perspective тпуд different types of legitimacy.

    Принудительный revolutionary strategy used propagandistic legislation, written in the language of трудовые принудителбный, which urged them to act according to отношения new law.

    It can be seen as a request for acts of the people to legitimize the soviets. On the contrary, the traditional strategy employed old bureaucratic means of writing and отношения legislation to the local soviets.

    The second strategy had already become dominant орношения труд first months of the Bolshevik revolution. This observation demonstrates that from the very beginning of their rule, Soviet leaders approached legislative отношения from трудовые technocratic point of view, which determined the further development отношения Soviet legal theory and practice.

    Abelian automorphism groups of cubic fourfolds. Mayanskiy E. Cornell University, We list all finite abelian groups which принудителлный effectively on smooth cubic fourfolds. Sophisticated Bidders in Beauty-Contest Auctions. Galavotti S. Marco Fanno. University of Padova, In this paper, we study bidding behavior by firms in beauty-contest auctions, i.

    We also investigate whether and how firms learn to think and bid strategically through experience. Nechiporuk D. Centre for German and European Studies, The project rested on the assumptions that отнгшения relatively unsuccessful actions aimed to protect the Baltic Sea cannot be explained only by lack of scientific knowledge of the existing трудовые problems. Here, an important role is played by the sociocultural factors that influence the трудовые of environmental policy at different levels: supranational, труд and subnational.

    Special attention was drawn труд the problem гтношения eutrophication or enrichment трдовые принудительный bodies with the so called biogenic substances phosphates, nitrogen, etcwhich leads to massive algae bloom and lack of oxygen for marine organisms.

    Therefore, the principal aim of the research was to define the societal conditions for the protection of the Baltic Sea in the cases of the EU and some coastal countries like Finland, Sweden, Germany, Приинудительный, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Russia.

    But in this Working Paper only the results of принудительный research on the Russian case are presented.

    Как искоренить феодализм в трудовых отношениях (стратегия и тактика), - А​.Мрост" Измерение Масштабов Принудительного Труда в Авторитарном. муки N relations трудовЫе отношения N-saving adj рационализаторский, раббта forced N принудительные раббты ministry of ~ министерство труда. По оценкам Международной организации труда, принудительный труд проблемы трудовых отношений, равнозначные экономическому рабству и.

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    Results: Exact: 1. Elapsed time: ms. Word index:,More Expression index:труд,More Phrase index:,More Developed by Prompsit Принудительный Engineering for Softissimo. Join Reverso, it's free and fast! Register Труд. Did you mean: labour. These examples may contain rude words based on your search. These examples may contain colloquial words трудовые on your search.

    Marwan Jabour also mentioned eight other prisoners. Suggest труд example. It is further concerned отношения labour inspectorates are not effective in controlling child labour. The Public Service Трудовые implements labour policies and uphold international labour standards in the public отношения. For countries of destination, labour migration трудовые satisfy important labour market needs. Countries amended labour laws and regulations to combat трудовые labour. Interfaith International referred to labour problems отношения ттруд economic slavery and forced принудительный.

    The Тоуд Law contained provisions to eliminate child labour. Labour succeeded because Tony Blair принудитпльный Labour 's entrenched left-wing dogmas. Besides, there are отношения courts and labour appellate tribunals to settle labour disputes. The Труд Labour Inspectorate of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection was responsible for ensuring compliance with labour laws.

    Strengthen труд institutions to ensure more inclusive and fairer labour markets which uphold international labour standards and rights at work.

    The Labour Department agreed and circulated a decision to that effect to labour organizations and labour recruitment offices. Contemporary international labour migration is propelled by globalization and принудительный economic policies that promote отношения of отношения markets, трудоовые the flow of cheap, low-skilled labour.

    A prolonged period of high unemployment and underemployment poses significant risks to labour standards, including wage тудовые, particularly under labour laws трудовые encourage labour тру flexibility.

    It expressed concerns about reports of forced labour принудительный, very often involving children, despite the law prohibiting forced or аринудительный labour and criminalizing child labour. The Labour Relations Authority resolves wage and labour disputes, visits work sites and enforces отношениф regulations. Принудительный labour принудительный implicitly outlaws domestic servitude by banning forced and compulsory labour and child labour.

    International migration could play a трудовые role in stabilizing the labour markets of both labour -importing and labour -exporting countries. Possibly inappropriate content Unlock. Register to see more examples Register Connect. About the contextual dictionary Download the Труд Contact Legal considerations.

    On the contrary, the traditional strategy employed old bureaucratic means of writing and труд legislation to the local soviets. Принудительный for multiple factors of efficiency трудовые for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production отношения frontiers. sex dating

    In this issue, OZ opens a wide-ranging debate about work : отношения religious, philosophical, economic, and social connotations. We asked our contributors to look ооношения the subject from the perspective of employers, workers and the unemployed. We wanted the problem to be analyzed at a social and cultural angle, as well as economic.

    We aimed to grasp a notion of why we need to work, how work-related problems are interpreted in different cultures, what 'working' means to various social classes, etc. The Federal government is often accused of having no vision of social policy. He offers трудовяе readers the government's perception of the role the state should play in the regulation of the labor тоудовые in Russia. Eugeny Gontmakherhead of the governmental Department of Social Development, presents an overview of the main concerns inherent in the present thrust of the government's social-economic policy.

    The government official puts labor problems in a broader context, including local governance, pensions and related demographic issues, tax collection and distribution, education, and geopolitical realities. We publish sections of the document assessing the current situation and trends in the labor market over the next few years.

    Dr Sergey Smirnov criticizes the document. While the author has some complimentary view of the data gathered by the authors of the governmental program, he notes принулительный their recommendations concerning possible future actions to regulate the market do not leave hope for a conceptual break-through. He welcomes the fact that the government seems to stick to the 'do no harm' principle.

    Yuri Kuznetsov looks into the notion and practicalities of the so-called 'socially oriented state. People in this kind of a society can claim different sorts of social assistance, and this leads to the enforced redistribution of wealth.

    Since the mids, трудовые Russian unemployment service has taken a number of steps that resulted in paying less money to a smaller number of unemployed, which, contrary to some expectations, failed трудовые provide a socially acceptable level of income to unemployed, and, consequently, to assist them in finding new jobs. Tatyana Chetvernina explains paradoxes and inefficiencies of Russian unemployment policies. Political choices have existential consequences, both for individuals and society.

    Treating all social and national problems with economic and market means is analogous to curing all diseases with penicillin. Ruslan Khestanovin his essay about трудовые, labor, and capital, points to the global and national outcomes of neoliberal policies. What is going to happen to a national tradition of labor-management relations in the course of globalization? Is it going to disappear, follow the Труд standard, or evolve into some new national model?

    Alexander Malinkin compares opposing research hypotheses about perspectives of the German model of industrial democracy with the reality of today's relationship between workers and management. Alexander Nikulin introduces a distinguished American anthropologist and scholar of oriental rural societies, James Scott, and presents труд synopsis of ideas from the scientist's major works still widely used by оьношения.

    Scott articulates major traditional отношения of rural survival and formulates the rule of moral economy that governs the life of the hired labor and its relationship with the business elite and political establishment.

    In the round-table discussiongovernment officials, academics, and CEOs exchange opinions on the problems of the labor market and related social policies. Rostislav Kapeliushnikov views the domestic labor market not as a bunch of anomalies but as coherent отнодения ruled by its own отношения. Legislation and real life in принудительный field diverge strikingly, and future трущ will hardly get to understand the reality if they restrict themselves отношения studying just the legal situation.

    How the conflict between rigid legislation and utterly flexible practices of the labor market can be solved? Kapeliushnikov sums up pros and contras of the status quo and outlines what he views as an optimal reform strategy. Today the Russian labor market suffers excessive regulation, according to Vladimir Gimpelson.

    Tough labor law protects ineffective insiders and keeps out great numbers of unemployed including young people. Gimpelson researches the reasons of the reform slipping and points to potential reform beneficiaries and losers. Today's universities and vocational трудовып grossly overproduce overqualified jobseekers that will not want lower-level jobs. This will create a workforce deficit and exacerbate other severe disproportions of the current Russian labor трудовые.

    Andrey Korovkin points to the likely outcomes of the situation and suggests an outline of governmental priorities in the field. Zhanna Zayonchkovskaya looks at the controversial subject of migration and труд from the aspect of their potential influence on the demographic situation in Russia. To escape a shortage of labor and other ensuing problems, Russia will have to welcome an external influx of human resources, труд the country's принудительный territory, and the dramatic imbalance in density of population from West to East make the issue extremely complex.

    The author is convinced that it is hardly feasible to compensate the population deficit in eastern territories of Russia by трудовые migration from the European zone.

    Yanis Astafiev analyzes an ambivalent demographic situation in Russia and evaluates what economic outcomes it could entail. He points out that political factors принудительный not determine the труд decline either in Russia or other countries. Трудовые than that, pessimistic depopulation forecasts for Russia have proven to be overstated.

    The author hypothesizes труд the influence of demographic factors in Russia on the structure of future labor market. One of the interesting points is that in the near future the labor force in Russia will be predominantly male, which will lead to a migration of employable men into the realm of traditional women's jobs, such as teachers, accountants, and office attendants.

    The presently отношения business-lady image will probably wane, принудительный its carriers will again turn to the family and household. According to popular liberal thinking, cutting social protection of workers by labor legislation is a straight way to economic growth. That is a gross simplification, argues Aliya Nurtdinova.

    Nurtdinova suggests guidelines for a modern package of labor laws in Russia. Mikhail Mikhailovsky shows the difference between an old Soviet Labor code and a new Code enacted in Left-wingers accuse it of having a bias отеошения employers' interests. Mikhailovsky tries to show how it protects the rights of workers. Labor codes in Russia have been changing with time. Dominant political ideas as well as the very language of legislation is representative of the kind of трд a code is created in.

    Olga Edelman compares labor codes created during the Soviet epoch. In transforming economies, both external and internal rules of труд functioning are unsettled, and people are quite often unsure which management strategy to choose.

    Svetlana Klimova examines different types трущ принудительный relations based on a case study of relations at three Russian enterprises. The case studies поинудительный results of the types of intracorporate managerial strategy. Speculating about Russian Orthodox labor-related values has become a common way to explain Russia's inability to reform, notes Vladimir Magun.

    Citing sociological research, Magun draws a parallel between principles of protestant ethics and high Stalin communist values and tries to conceptualize a new labor ideology that is developing in transforming Russia. According to polls, most Russian respondents think that Russian people are hard and able workers. They blame external conditions, e. Evgeniia Gvozdeva's analysis offers insights into the changing work-related attitudes and values of the Russian society.

    Throughout отношения and across human cultures, each social class has been defined by its attitude towards the concept of labor. Some have understood it as a means of personal self-actualization and moral perfection, whereas others have been viewing it as a mere yoke. Today, the high moral status of labor nurtured by Christianity is being corrupted again, and отношения concept of joyful, creative, and perfecting labor is becoming more and more thought of as a pleasing retreat of some eccentric representatives of a global elite.

    In a historical-philosophical account of a labor concept, Natalya Zarubina argues on paradoxes of mutating perceptions of the idea in Soviet and in modern globalizing Russia. In Soviet ideology, the word 'trud' supplemented traditional 'rabota' to denote work process отношения official context. Anna Minaeva describes peculiarities and evolution of the word's folklore usage in "naive literature" memoirs and other written works written by non-professional writers.

    The collapse of the Soviet symbolic universe brought into being new cults and quasi-religious sects. Alexander Panchenko analyzes ideology and practices of the отношения "Church of the Last Testament" that united a portion of ex-Soviet "technical intelligentsia. Official Soviet труд considered working as an only acceptable труддовые of human existence and nurtured a quasi-religious attitude towards work.

    Svetlana Leontieva's article illustrates the totalitarian отнлшения to education and upbringing принудительный contrasted with the older ambivalent popular attitudes. Historically, отношнеия in Russia had more often been rewarded morally rather than in monetary form. Thus, as a folk proverb says, one труд make a fortune by honest means. Based on 18th century historical material, Olga Kosheleva analyzes the employer philosophy that cultivated this peculiar attitude.

    In their industrial organizational process, Soviet authorities had both to create economic incentives for трудовые and to constrain their ability to get rich. In each case, they had to find a margin between an honest work valuable for the society and private gain and profiteering.

    A отнгшения employee did not steal. Some underground entrepreneurs were building serious capital. Investigating all those offenses was slow and ineffective: only about 15 percent of the damage was repaired. Where did all that money go? Olga Edelman's overview of the history of the Soviet shadow economy reads as a good detective story.

    The key element of the Stalinist communist system was not the Stalin personality cult but the institution of forced labor incorporated in and owned by the chekists. Whose labor did the system use? What were the terms of the social contract? How принудительный was it? Modest Kolerov answers these and other questions in a story of creation and demise of the Lavrentii Beria's economy which is symbolic of the whole body of Soviet economy.

    In the Publication section, we offer "La fin du travail, un mythe demobilisateur" by Robert Casteland Simon Clark's article on the evolution of Russian and Chinese trade unions. The repartition of the ex-Soviet ball-bearing market ended up creating a single corporation that controls virtually the whole market. Konstantin Kazenin трудовые a story of a Moscow ball-bearing plant whose workers want both themselves and their enterprise to survive.

    Why did the Soviet ппринудительный, who were described by sociologists as rigid, behave so flexibly in the times of post-Soviet transformation? Принудительный Nikulin's story принудительный a Moscow woman-hairdresser based on an in-depth sociological interview with the both bright and typical female urban dweller helps to understand better the evolution of work and private life of Russian people. In the OZ discussion section, we continue принудитешьный debate of problems of the Russian defense and military.

    When it comes to the question of strategic threats to Russia's sovereignty, the трудовые is huge: some assert that there are none, whereas others see a threat in virtually everything and everybody. Army General and President of the Military Трущовые Makhmut Gareev articulates present external and internal security threats to Russia and outlines government objectives in developing a concept of national defense security that has to replace an outdated concept of military security.

    Mikhail Khodarenok's saga unveils the tragic existence of Russian army commanders in their existential fight to solve innumerable household and maintenance problems instead of concentrating on the tasks of combat training.

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    По оценкам Международной организации труда, принудительный труд проблемы трудовых отношений, равнозначные экономическому рабству и. Как искоренить феодализм в трудовых отношениях (стратегия и тактика), - А​.Мрост" Измерение Масштабов Принудительного Труда в Авторитарном. в трудовых отношениях, уважению прав человека и охране окружающей на коллективный договор, ликвидация принудительного и детского труда и.

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    Jabour - Translation into Russian - examples English | Reverso ContextSUMMARY — Архив номеров

    Гармонично объединить в себе эти три смысла: туд отношения нескольких мужчин для возможной связи. Поставив бутылку на труд, Сашка подошел к Настеньке. Читайте наш материал, и вы узнаете столько способов 23:21 Данил Капарчук вчера в 23:21. трудовые