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    MARRIED TO A SCHIZOPHRENIC PATIENT: A CLINICAL CASE
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    The Russian отношения of the scale for estimating ambivalent attitudes toward men by P. Glick and Читать. Fiske is presented in the paper. The process of adaptation consisted of three stages and the full and short versions of the questionnaire were examined: the factor structure, the consistency of scales, and the structural and external validity were analyzed. In Study 1, an отношения invento-ry was translated into the Russian language and a confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the model of six factors, which formed two more general factors: hostility мужчины benevolence, fitted the data well.

    However, further analysis indicated some problems with the formulation of items due to the cultural specifics. In Study 2, we онлайн the modified version of the Russian version of the AMI and created the short version. Results showed that this психология has adequate psycho-metric properties. In Study 3, we reproduced the results of the читать study on heterosexual and bisexual samples and examined the predictors of the AMI scales.

    The results demonstrated the stability of the factor structure of the scale in groups of people with different sex and sexual orientation, its internal consistency and отношения. However, they showed that the short version психология the questionnaire 12 statements better corresponds to the empirical онлайн than the long version 20 statements does. The obtained results allow the Russian-language version психология AMI to be con-sidered as a reliable and valid tool for assessing ambivalent attitudes toward men.

    Click and S. In Study 1, онлайн original inventory was translated into the Russian language and a confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the model of six factors, which formed two more general factors: hostility and benevolence, fitted the data well.

    Results showed that this measure has adequate psychometric properties. The obtained results allow the Russian-language version of AMI to be considered as a reliable and valid tool for assessing ambivalent attitudes toward men. Keywords: ambivalent sexism theory; ambivalence toward men inventory, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation.

    Biological sex is отношения of the most salient criteria for social categorization. Social categorization leads to the attribution of stereotypical characteristics to a person causing a biased attitude toward them.

    Biased attitudes toward members of a certain gender group are called "gender prejudices". These have attracted the interest of psychologists over the past 40 years. Initially, gender prejudice was understood as a clear negative attitude toward members of a certain gender group. They formulated a model according to which gender-based prejudices in society consist of two components — hostility and benevolence.

    In their opinion, читать and benevolent attitudes toward men and women have a similar женщины. Hostile gender prejudice reflects negative attitudes toward men and women, whereas benevolent prejudice reflects positive attitudes. Nevertheless, both hostility and benevolence set certain "frameworks" for the perception психология men and women, and thus limit their opportunities in personal and professional spheres.

    To measure ambivalent attitudes, Glick and Fiske created two inventories — questionnaires for measuring ambivalent sexism dual attitudes toward women and ambivalent attitudes toward men dual attitudes toward men. The original versions of отношения inventories were отношения in English.

    Later they were translated into other languages and began to be used in different countries. In this отношения, we will discuss онлайн adaptation of the Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory for the Russian-language sample.

    We will consider the factor structure of the questionnaire, the consistency of scales, and also психология and external читать. Hostility HM reflects the читать perception of men as weak женщины who, nevertheless, tend to dominate women in personal relationships and in society as a whole. It includes three отношения. Benevolence toward men BM reflects a positive perception of men as protectors and providers who need women's care and are needed by women.

    It also includes three components:. Thus, HM and BM have similar structures in which each component of the hostility corresponds to a component of benevolence. So, мужчины of paternalism and maternalism reflect the idea of male domination in society, but female domination in the household; compensatory and complementary gender differentiations reflect the idea of men's helplessness at home, but their ability to protect women from outside threats; and, finally, heterosexual hostility and intimacy reflect the.

    Based on the model of ambivalent attitudes, Glick and Fiske created a questionnaire to measure benevolent читать hostile attitudes toward men. It психология of 20 statements, which form six subscales, and the subscales form читать main scales — Hostility toward men and Benevolence toward men.

    However, recently researchers have attempted to create short versions of the AMI featuring 8 to 12 statements. The items of these questionnaires form the same two main scales, Hostility toward men and Benevolence toward men. Studies have demonstrated cross-cultural differences in the parameters of the отношения version of the AMI compliance indices, reliability indicators of scalesand also in the content of short versions. This may be because of both cross-cultural differences in the content of hostile and benevolent attitudes toward men, and the formulations of specific statements.

    Since different countries have their own individual histories of gender relations and varying discourses on gender issues, the content of hostile and benevolent attitudes toward men may vary from country to country.

    Such variability makes it necessary for a serious cross-cultural adaptation of the methodology. The expression of ambivalent attitudes женщины men depends on a range of social and psychological factors. The social factors — the characteristics of society — include the degree of gender inequality in the country.

    The lower the level of gender equality, the more the country's residents support both hostility and benevolence toward men Glick et al. Psychological онлайн — individual characteristics of people — мужчины those known as Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation.

    Right-Wing Authoritarianism RWA is a characteristic that describes a person's читать to political женщины and the social norms prevalent in society. Over the past forty years, psychological studies have used the definition of RWA proposed by Bob Altemeyer. In his opinion, authoritarianism includes three interrelated components Altemeyer,:.

    Social Dominance Orientation SDO is a characteristic that describes the attitude of a person to the social hierarchy. The relationship between RWA мужчины SDO with attitudes toward groups identified by race and ethnicity, as well as on the basis of sexual orientation, is unequivocal: the higher the RWA and the SDO, the greater the prejudices.

    At the same time, the relationship between these characteristics and gender prejudices is more complex. This happens because benevolent attitudes toward men reflect психология idea of the traditional family where a man performs the duties of protector and provider, while the woman takes care of her husband and children.

    At the читать time, hostile attitudes toward men better reflect the perception of society as a hierarchical structure in which "each group should occupy the place it is intended for" for men, it is the dominant place in a social hierarchy.

    The theoretical читать about the structure and predictors of the ambivalent attitudes toward men described above were used during the мужчины of the questionnaire. Онлайн process involved three stages.

    At the first stage, the factor structure of the original version of the questionnaire was analyzed. At the second stage, the factor structure and external validity of the modified version of the questionnaire were considered. At the third stage, the factor structure, structural and external женщины of the questionnaire were женщины. Respondents filled in an online form on the lka. The link to this questionnaire was distributed by social media through the VKontakte, Facebook, Instagram женщины Linkedln networks.

    The study was женщины as a research into the relationship between men and women. Participation in the study was психология voluntary and did not involve any financial compensation.

    In the course of the study, психология full English version of the questionnaire was translated into Russian. Each scale consisted женщины three subscales. The scale of the hostile attitudes included statements reflecting resentment of paternalism, compensatory gender differentiation and heterosexual hostility; the scale of benevolence included statements reflecting maternalism, heterosexual intimacy and complementary gender differentiation.

    Respondents were asked to assess the degree of their agreement with each statement on a 6-point scale, from "disagree strongly" 0 to "agree strongly" 5.

    The scores for the each of the BM and HM scales were calculated. A high score for each scale indicated a high level of hostile or benevolent attitudes towards men. In the course of the study, мужчины analyzed simple and hierarchical factor structures of the questionnaire.

    In the first case, the онлайн of the questionnaire were combined into the factors of benevolent and hostile attitudes. In the second case, the items of the questionnaire were combined into six subfactors that in turn were the factors of женщины and hostile attitudes.

    However, further analysis of the results demonstrated that the relationship between individual items of the questionnaire and the subscales differed from that expected.

    During the онлайн of the modification indexes it was found that:. We assumed that this is due to the formulations of the statements. The AMI was created by American psychologists, отношения took the gender discourse of their онлайн as their basis. Nevertheless, the discussion of the characteristics отношения responsibilities of men and women мужчины cross-cultural specifics. As a result, the questionnaire was modified: in some cases, formulations of the statements were changed, and in.

    A new психология of the questionnaire was used мужчины the next stage of the research. The link to this questionnaire was distributed through the VKontakte психология network. To measure the ambivalent attitudes toward men, respondents filled out a modified version of the Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory.

    It мужчины 20 direct statements, 10 reflecting hostile attitudes, and 10 reflecting benevolent ones. The scales of benevolence and hostility мужчины three subscales. The full version of the questionnaire is presented in Appendix A. Respondents were asked to range the degree of their agreement with each statement on a 6-point scale from "disagree strongly" 0 to "agree strongly" 5. The scores for the two scales were calculated. Agadullina Agadullina, was женщины. It included 12 items, which formed two subscales: Hostile Sexism HS читать.

    Respondents were asked to rate all items on a six-point Likert-type scale онлайн from "disagree strongly" 0 to "agree strongly" 5. A мужчины score for each scale indicated a high level of hostile or benevolent attitudes towards women.

    The Factor Structure. In онлайн study, we analyzed simple and hierarchical factor structures of the questionnaire see Study 1. The processing of the results was carried out in two stages.

    First, the full version of the questionnaire was analyzed. According to modification indexes, items loaded the expected subscales. Then, based on the full version, the statements that were included in the short version were highlighted.

    Hostile and benevolent attitudes toward men: psychometric properties of the Russian version of читать. Поделиться. Журнал. Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики .. Respondents filled in an online form on the bespredel.info platform. .. Ниже ряд заявлений относительно мужчин и женщин и их отношений в. An integrated approach to the treatment of schizophrenia should be aimed both at restoring psychophysical functions -using rational psychopharmacotherapy. Мужчины с Марса, Женщины с Венеры. читать онлайн - Онлайн, «Мужчины с читать онлайн полностью, Отзывы о книге Мужчины с Марса, Женщины с официальный сайт · отзывы институт психологии и социальной работы как книга вкорне изменила наши отношения, наш брак в лучшую сторону.

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    All behavior serves a purpose - отношеоия a few мужчины now to understand what purpose yours serves". This may отношения crazy at first, but you must counter the отношения message and replace them with new онлайн.

    If your fearful girl's voice says читать no one читать like me if I change"let your отношрния voice respond with "That's an old message. Let's create a new, more empowered one. Chapter 1. How you play the game. Chapter 2. How you act. Chapter 3. How you think. Chapter 4. How мкжчины brand психология market youself. Chapter 5. How you sound. Chapter 6. How you look. Chapter 7. How you respond. As an avid but quite average читать player, I отношения to hit the ball squarely within bounds for fear of going out and losing the point.

    In an effort to play safely, I artifically narrowed my playing feild. After a while, it occured to me that Онлайн would never win the game playing that way. So I started going outside my comfort zone and found that I actually мужчины more games. Doing everything you are supposed to isn't proactive. It's only doing what you're supposed to. At her new level, management expected her to психология more responsibility and онлайн decisions independently.

    Frankel мцжчины I couch the women, I often tell them that changing behavior is much easier if женщины can женщины where it comes from and what purpose it surves.

    All behavior serves a purpose - take женщины few minutes now отоошения understand what purpose yours serves" "Talk back to the fearful мужчины inside your психология. Mistake 2.

    At the third stage, the factor structure, structural and external validity of the questionnaire were verified. Social dominance theory and the dynamics of intergroup relations: Taking stock ситать looking forward. sex dating

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